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Australia to create world's largest marine reserve

By Matthew Knight, CNN
November 25, 2011 -- Updated 2029 GMT (0429 HKT)
The Australian government has announced a draft plan to protect the Coral Sea
The Australian government has announced a draft plan to protect the Coral Sea
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Australian government announces plan to create world's largest marine reserve
  • The Coral Sea, which includes the Great Barrier Reef, lies off northeast of Australia
  • Nearly one million square kilometers of sea will be protected under the plan
  • Critics argue that plan doesn't protect species-rich western half of Coral Sea

(CNN) -- The Australian government has announced plans to establish the world's largest protected marine area in the Coral Sea.

The proposed Coral Sea Commonwealth Marine Reserve will cover 989,842 square kilometers (around 380,000 square miles) -- an area roughly one tenth the size of the U.S.

"Australia's vast oceans provide a source of food and resources, and are a place of recreation. But we cannot afford to be complacent," Australia's environment minister Tony Burke said.

"In the space of one lifetime, the world's oceans have gone from being relatively pristine to being under increasing pressure.

The environmental significance of the Coral Sea lies in its diverse array of coral reefs, sandy cays, deep sea plains and canyons.
Tony Burke, Australia's environment minister

"The environmental significance of the Coral Sea lies in its diverse array of coral reefs, sandy cays, deep sea plains and canyons. It contains more than 20 outstanding examples of isolated tropical reefs, sandy cays and islands," he added.

The Coral Sea is located off Australia's northeast coast and stretches from the Great Barrier Reef to Papua New Guinea in the north and the Solomon Islands in the east.

Its shallow reef systems, say the Australian government, support tropical ecosystems abundant in hard and soft corals, sponges, algae, fish communities and other creatures such as nautilus and sea stars.

The largely uninhabited islands also support critical nesting sites for green turtles and a range of seabird species.

Watch Philippe Cousteau on CNN's Going Green

Protect Our Coral Sea -- a environmental campaign group supported by several conservation organizations -- described the announcement as "a good start," but said the plans fall short of full protection for coral and marine life.

"Only the eastern half of this ocean treasure has been set aside as a safe haven for marine life. The western half contains most of the species-rich coral reefs and critical spawning sites for black marlin and threatened tuna," Darren Kindleysides from the Australian Marine Conservation Society said in a statement.

There now follows a 90-day public consultation period which the government says will assist in finalizing the proposals.

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